Bhitarkanika National Park is declared as a National Park in the year 1988. The immense geomorphologic, ecological and biological significance of this magical land is amazing. It is the home of saltwater crocodile, along with that Indian python, King cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species. 55 different varieties of mangroves separate it from Bay of Bengal. Different varieties of flora and fauna of this beautiful place make its incredibly suitable for tourist to improve their knowledge about nature and simultaneously get unlimited amount of fun.
Bhitarkanika National Parksituated at the banks of Bay of Bengal and is spreads over 672 km2 (259 sq mi) and is surrounded by the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary in Kendrapara district of Indian state Odisha, Gahirmatha Beach and Marine Sanctuary lies to the east of this place. Kendrapara, Chandbali are the nearest cities to this place.
This place has an impressive history during ancientdays;it used to be the hunting grounds of the King. Till 1952 this was considered as Zamindari forests but after that government of Odisha abolished the Zamindari system and put it in the control of the State Forest Department. Climate of this place is extremely suitable for growth of animals and plants.
The Flora and Fauna of this place such as the FloraSundari, Thespia, Casuarinas, Teak, Salaia, Bamboo, Hair, Babul, Zizphus, Kauriculata, Palas, indigo bush etc. and the FaunaMammals like Wild pigs, Rhesus monkeys, Chitals, Indian wild boars, Leopard cat, Common mongoose, Small Indian civet, Indian porcupine, Indian mole rat, House Shrew, Indian Field Mouse, Jackals, Common langur, Otter, Sambar deer, Jungle cat, fox, Mongoose, Wolf, Fishing cats, Hyena. Reptiles like Salt water Crocodile, Indian monitor lizard, Yellow monitor lizard, Water monitor lizard, Indian garden lizard, fan throated lizard, Indian chameleon, Spotted Indian house gecko, sand skink, Indian python, Common vine snake, Golden tree snake, Indian red snake, Common Kukhi snake, Common worm snake, Banded kraits, Common Indian Kraits, Estuarine sea snakes, Green viper, Russel’s etc. Birds like Kingfisher, Woodpecker, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Brahminy Ducks, Sea Gull, Hornbill, Waders, and Bar Headed Geese etc. Fishes like Illisha, Khainga, Bhekti, Kantia, Kokill, Rice fish, Panchx, Puffer fish, Acer fish, Climbing Perch, Dwart gourami, Glass fish, Pipe fishes, Mud skippers etc. are the specialties of this land.
Mainly three main seasons are witnessed in the Bhitarkanika National Park region summer, rainy and winter.
By Air: From BijuPatnaik Airport/ Bhubaneswar airport to Bhitarkanika – by road (152 km, 2 hours 58 mins) approx.
By Train: From Cuttack Railway Station to Bhitarkanika – by road (123 km, 2 hours 22 mins) approx.
By Road: From JajapurKeonjhar Railway Station ( JJKR ) to Bhitarkanika – by road (131 km, 2 hours 38 mins) approx.FromJajapurKeonjhar Railway Station ( JJKR ) to Bhitarkanika – by road (131 km, 2 hours 38 mins) approx.